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Together is powerful


Adv. Asaf Shalev
The future is here and Israel’s innovative Smart City technologies are creating a pathway for the nation as well as the world. Central to this crucial development is a remarkable collaboration between the private sector and the government.
Adv. Yuval Lazi
Before selling your business, consider these factors to guarantee your company is fully prepared. Following are pertinent reasons why business owners cannot afford to risk a hands-off approach to planning a business exit strategy.
Adv. Danny Boguslavsky
Following its incorporation, every startup company needs a variety of essential legal documents in order to launch its vision and conduct its business. This includes: founders agreement, non-disclosure agreement, terms and conditions, employee stock option plan and business plan.
Adv. Itay Gura
The 21st century robotics industry impacts nearly every facet of life business, health, commerce, education, and even government. In fact, Tractica, a market research firm, forecasts that this technological area will grow from $31 billion in 2016 to $237.3 billion by 2022. 
Adv. Dreyfuss Ariella
December 31, 2017 / by Ariella Dreyfuss
Goodnight 2017…
It has certainly been an interesting 2017 in the Israeli Hi-Tech world, here is a rundown of 5 highlights, in case you missed them.
Adv. Danny Boguslavsky
In recent years, tremendous progress has been made in introducing know-how and technology into sports despite this being a conservative world concerned that the introduction of new powers might compromise the ethos of sportsmanship.
Adv. Anat Even-Chen
Adv. Anat Even-Chen lectures on the accessibility of online services. She discusses for whom the regulations apply, the guidelines and what is required to be accessible, who is liable legally, the sanctions prescribed in the regulations, and the most important ones to implement.
Adv. Karin Kashi
Do you keep hearing people talk about blockchain, bitcoins, and ICOs with no idea what they mean? - Here’s a short glossary to help you understand what the fuss is all about. Decentralized coins/digital coins These coins are basically digital money that is secured through encryption technology (cryptocurrency). Digital currencies are not issued or managed by any country or central bank. Thus, their value is not under their control, but rather is determined by the agreement of and according to the demand among the network of users. Bitcoin The bitcoin is the first digital currency used, and the first and most famous application of blockchain technology. Digital wallet A digital wallet is software that is linked to the digital currency network. It enables the user to hold, transfer, and receive digital currencies. Every digital wallet has two “keys”-a public key and a private key. The public key corresponds to the bank account number, i.e. the address to which the money is transferred. The private key is the key to the safe. Only its owner can perform transactions with the digital currency in the wallet. Blockchain Blockchain is a technological concept that enables secure activity on the internet without needing a central management entity. Blockchain serves as a digital ledger of all the transactions performed on it since it began. The information maintained in blockchain is stored in cells called blocks, which are linked together in chronological order (in a "chain of blocks"). Upon completing any transaction in blockchain, it is documented and automatically stored in the devices of all users of the system. The structure of blockchain technology and its decentralized nature provide the structural security of the blockchain. The chaining of the blocks does not enable information stored in blockchain to be altered without changing the definitions of all subsequent blocks in the system, which is practically impossible. Moreover, the decentralized nature of blockchain does not allow for the system to be compromised without taking control of the majority of the devices connected to blockchain, which, due to the number of users of the bitcoin blockchain, is practically impossible as well. Blocks Blocks are storage units in which all information maintained in blockchain is stored. So, if blockchain is likened to an accounting ledger, then the blocks are pages in the ledger. The blocks that comprise blockchain are linked to each other using a complex mathematical puzzle, making it nearly impossible to alter information saved in blockchain. Bitcoin mining Bitcoin mining is the process by which bitcoin transactions are verified and documented in the bitcoin’s blockchain. The mining process is performed by a particular type of users of the bitcoin system, known as “miners”. The mining process basically involves solving a mathematical puzzle. The miner who solves it first creates the next block. The first miner who succeeds in solving the puzzle is rewarded for his successful mining with bitcoins and sometimes also with transaction fees. Virtual coin offerings or Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) An ICO is a crowdfunding channel. An ICO is a process where entrepreneurs who are developing platforms or projects raise money in exchange for digital coins. The digital coins give the projects' investors the right to use the platforms developed in projects funded by the ICO. Additionally, the digital coins provide liquidity to investors in ICO projects, since they are tradable assets in the secondary market. Smart contracts Smart contracts are considered the most dramatic application of blockchain technology. They represent a promise to change the way traditional processes are carried out, characterized typically by a dependence on middlemen. A smart contract is a computer protocol that enables two strangers on the internet to conduct business in a way that is secure and reliable. Since smart contracts are based on blockchain technology, they can reliably and securely complete operations on the internet without involving middlemen. Source:
Adv. Daniel Lorber
In its innovative journey, Israel has exhibited technological achievements and economic advancements that have proved it to be one of the strongest leaders in the entrepreneurial world. Through the aid of the Israel Innovation Authority (“IIA”) or accelerator programs, Israeli startups are able to receive funding at very early stages of their venture, or a set of tools and insights that fast-track startups in terms of their management skills, business focus, and marketing capabilities. Incubators and Accelerators in Israel In addition to the financial aid granted by the IIA to eligible startups, incubator and accelerator programs provide startups with significant tools to enhance their products and services. Incubator and accelerator programs offer valuable assistance, including a supportive infrastructure, mentoring by industry experts, and the necessary training required for new startups to further enhance their development. A significant difference between incubators and accelerators is that accelerators are intended to accelerate the development of startups within a short time frame. In contrast, incubators operate within more extended timeframes -approximately 24 months on average. As such, they focus more on the initial phases of startups and aim to guide startups through their preliminary stages of development. Incubators The support of incubators encompasses market penetration, legal consultation, laboratory guidance, and technological development. Such incubators are located throughout Israel, advancing fields like biotechnology, aerospace, life sciences, and cybersecurity. In Israel, incubators operate through the support of the IIA, which contributes 85% of the financing received by startups through the respective incubators. It is important to point out that any grant received by the IIA, including through incubator programs, is subject to the Law for Encouragement of Industrial Research and Development. This law includes provisions that restrict companies’ ability to transfer IP or manufacturing overseas without the IIA’s consent. It is essential for startups to be aware of such restrictions, and to contemplate their applicability in light of the startups' business strategy, prior to accepting such grants. Accelerators In contrast to the governmental support incubators enjoy, in general, accelerators do not receive financial aid from the Israeli government. Accelerators are used as a tool to expedite startup development by giving investors the chance to discover startups in their early stages and to then aid in their rapid growth. The accelerator program is also beneficial for the startups themselves, as such startups are able to take full advantage of investors’ experience and know-how. Currently, there are approximately 90 accelerator programs in Israel. These programs can differ substantially with regard to their framework and engagement terms. It is therefore prudent for startups to research and take the time to fully understand the specific terms and itineraries these programs offer, prior to engaging with them, as this will affect their future development and the likelihood of securing future investments following the completion of the accelerator program.  Source:
Adv. Michael Barnea
Fintech combines for the first time the worlds of financial services and technology, as banks and insurance companies serve as fintech’s main playing fields. As such, both sectors must become more efficient and acquire the technological solutions that will help them fulfill their roles. Fintech promises to bring innovation to existing players, but also threatens to disrupt conservative industries and replace them with new models and players. The connection between the two components of fintech has proved challenging, in light of the fundamental differences in the characters of these two components. Technological solutions are provided by startup companies that, by nature, are small organizations driven by the need to work quickly and efficiently, due to the short time-to-market and the requirement to sell and recruit capital. On the other hand, the MVPs in the financial services sector are large, hierarchic organizations characterized by sluggish bureaucracy that negates rapid decision-making and agility in implementing innovative solutions. Regulation and Fintech Fintech companies operate in a regulation-intensive environment, and this is the first main challenge, because regulations essentially define their ventures and their feasibility. On the other hand, in most of the technological fields that startup companies engage in, the challenges are innovation, competition, and the business model. Regulation is less of a challenge, if one at all. The dominant role of regulation in the fintech sector is unique. Therefore, gaining in-depth knowledge of the synergies between regulation and fintech is critical during any analysis of a fintech venture’s prospects. And the venture must know how to maintain compliance with the various regulations in order to succeed. By their very nature, financial services are subject to a wide range of meticulous regulations. The types of regulations that affect fintech include banking regulations, insurance regulations, and the prevention of money laundering, as well as privacy, consumer, and securities regulations. The various regulatory categories in the financial services sector follow and are adapted to the structure of the traditional market, with each sector being closely governed and controlled by its own set of regulations and regulatory authority. In many instances, fintech strives to resolve the problems created by existing regulations, but it also must keep in mind that its operations are subject to those same regulatory systems. Already at the stage of defining the product and service a fintech venture wishes to launch on the market, it must familiarize itself with the relevant regulations. It then must find solutions that comply with the regulatory conditions, as well as that enable it to obtain approval from the relevant regulatory authority. There are numerous dimensions to gaining familiarity with the regulations. First of all, similarly to every startup company, fintech ventures are also striving to go multinational and operate in a variety of countries. The problem is that regulations in one country are different and sometimes contradict the regulations in another country. The differences are in language, laws, and even approach. This means that the learning and compliance process is multi-dimensional and, in essence, an unending task. If this were not enough, another problem is that regulations are drafted based on the structure of the conservative market—banking regulations for banks, insurance regulations for insurance companies, and so forth. On the other hand, in many instances, fintech ventures disrupt the structure of the traditional market. This disruption, by its very nature, creates new connections and approaches. As a result, fintech companies find themselves in a minefield of differing, overlapping, and contradictory regulations. However, the regulatory challenge is not just difficult, but also a main foundation for creating value. Any fintech venture that has already become well-versed in the subject, and has adjusted its solution to the various regulations, creates a real advantage over existing and new competitors. The entry barrier to this sector is not only the development stage, but rather the strength of the regulatory solution. In essence, regulatory knowledge actually becomes intellectual property. For example, the banking sector is characterized as a regulation-intensive sector. The banking supervisor’s regulations relate to various aspects of banking corporations’ operations, including licensing, corporate governance, various regulations relating to capital adequacy and banks’ capacity to assume various risks, consumer regulations relating to banks’ relations with their customers, the prohibition of money laundering, and more. Any fintech venture seeking to interface with the banking system, to provide it services or replace some of the banks’ roles, must be well-versed in the relevant local regulations and ensure its compliance with them. Clearly, the greater the challenge, the greater the potential. Privacy and Fintech During the coming year, new and enhanced privacy-protection and information-security regulation systems are expected to come into effect throughout the world. These are headed by the European GDPR, which deals with privacy protection and will take effect in May 2018. As a result of these processes, the issues of privacy and database protection against cyber risks will have an impact and a presence on the technological agenda in the coming years. Fintech ventures create solutions that make use of sensitive personal information. As such, the ventures are engaging in fields that are exposed to privacy and database issues. Basically, all financial services involve the collection and saving of sensitive personal information. Electronic mail addresses, phone numbers, personal details, financial information, marital status, special identifying details, workplace, family members, and more are collected as part of the process of getting to know the customer in order to provide him with services, advice, and an identity. All this sensitive information has been collected, saved, stored, processed, and transferred within the companies' technological systems. But these systems are also exposed to attacks and challenges from all sides. The exposures, in instances of intrusions, are not limited to sanctions that may be imposed on a company by the regulatory authorities, but also include a potential mortal blow to the company’s reputation and civil suits being filed by individuals on the grounds of infringement of privacy. In light of this, the fintech sector must adopt high standards of privacy protection and security. Fintech companies are required to create privacy-protection and information-security regulations for the enormous volume of information they collect, at standards on par with the customary international practices. Source:
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